Diabetes Awareness Month / Day 18 Gestational Diabetes
18 Nov 2015
Posted by Esti Berkowitz 2 Comments
Contributed by Audrey Matalon.Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy to 2%-10% of pregnant women making it one of the common issues during pregnancy. It occurs in women who are not diabetic pre-pregnancy, goes away after birth and for these women, like myself, it raises the risk of developing Type 2 in an average of 10 years after the pregnancy.
Gestational Diabetes acts just like Type 2 except that it is brought on by pregnancy hormones. In gestational diabetes cells become insulin resistant. This leads to too much glucose in the bloodstream. Which leads to too much glucose being delivered to the baby. And that leads to an oversized baby. Which could lead to macrosomia, when baby is too big to enter birth canal, or dystocia, when the baby enters birth canal, head exits but shoulders get stuck. This can lead to other problems.
With a close watch the babies are born, vaginally or through C-section, and are fine. Though because of high glucose levels in the mother these oversized babies have big fat stores and often these children continue to be overweight through childhood and adulthood.Other complications could be difficulty breathing for the baby, jaundice and some studies are showing a correlation between late term stillborn and gestational diabetes and there’s an increased risk for preeclampsia.
Testing is done between 24 and 28 weeks. They are definitely done if your in a high risk category such as obesity, sugar in urine, diabetes family history, if you’ve had Gestational Diabetes before, a stillborn, baby with birth defect, high blood pressure or over 35.If you keep consistently testing sugar levels you can sail through your pregnancy in excellent health and reduce any risk to your baby.
The American Diabetes Association encourages nutritional counseling who will set a meal plan with you as well as evaluate your sugar level that you will be recording as part of monitoring your sugar level.
Exercise and eating according to your set meal plan will be the key to getting you through to your healthy baby’s birth.
Exercise: Walk. Pack diabetes approved snacks in your bag like nuts. Visit www.Facebook.com/primetimeparent or @primetimeparent on Twitter. Disclaimer: PTP is sharing information found openly on the web to support creating awareness about Diabetes. But every person is responsible for their own health choices. If you see something in our posts that you think would help you, consult your Doctor first before making any changes.